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作者 Tomcat 配置集锦
chengbd



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发贴: 687
于 2005-03-10 18:58 user profilesend a private message to usersend email to chengbdreply to postsearch all posts byselect and copy to clipboard. 
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配置问题大家经常遇到,欢迎各位跟帖

Tomcat 服务器server.xml的关键参数配置

说明:以下文字均以tomcat5.0.30为例进行。

1,配置tomcat服务器访问端口,只需配置Connector的port端口即可。Tomcat默认为8080,现修改port参数值为80。

<!-- Define a non-SSL Coyote HTTP/1.1 Connector on port 8080 -->

<Connector port="80"

maxThreads="150" minSpareThreads="25" maxSpareThreads="75"

enableLookups="false" redirectPort="8443" acceptCount="100"

debug="0" connectionTimeout="20000"

disableUploadTimeout="true" URIEncoding="GBK"/>

2,配置tomcat支持URL中文参数,只需添加Connector的URIEncoding参数即可,默认情况下该参数未被配置。要支持URL参数支持中文,加上URIEncoding=”GBK”就行了(见1中附代码最后一行)。


3,配置新的webApp:找到host尾标记</Host>,插入新的context即可。
如:
(1)<Context path="" docBase="ROOT" debug="0"/>
若要支持数据库(以SQL Server为例),则为:
(2)<Context path="/xkb" docBase="F:\XKB6\webApp" debug="5" reloadable="true" crossContext="true">

<Logger className="org.apache.catalina.logger.FileLogger" prefix="localhost_DBTest_log." suffix=".txt" timestamp="true"/>

<Resource name="jdbc/SqlServerDB" auth="Container" type="javax.sql.DataSource"/>

<ResourceParams name="jdbc/SqlServerDB">

<parameter>

<name>factory</name>

<value>org.apache.commons.dbcp.BasicDataSourceFactory</value>

</parameter>

<!-- Maximum number of dB connections in pool. Make sure you configure your mysqld max_connections large enough to handle all of your db connections. Set to 0 for no limit.-->

<parameter>

<name>maxActive</name>

<value>50</value>

</parameter>

<!-- Maximum number of idle dB connections to retain in pool. Set to 0 for no limit.-->

<parameter>

<name>maxIdle</name>

<value>20</value>

</parameter>

<!-- Maximum time to wait for a dB connection to become available in ms, in this example 0.5 seconds. An Exception is thrown if this timeout is exceeded. Set to -1 to wait indefinitely. -->

<parameter>

<name>maxWait</name>

<value>500</value>

</parameter>

<!-- msSQL dB username and password for dB connections -->

<parameter>

<name>username</name>

<value>sa</value>

</parameter>



<parameter>

<name>password</name>

<value>wangnewton</value>

</parameter>

<!-- Class name for SQLServer2000 JDBC driver -->

<parameter>

<name>driverClassName</name>

<value>com.microsoft.jdbc.sqlserver.SQLServerDriver</value>

</parameter>

<!-- The JDBC connection url for connecting to your MS SQL Server dB.The autoReconnect=true argument to the url makes sure that the mm.Sql Server JDBC Driver will automatically reconnect if mysqld closed the connection. mysqld by default closes idle connections after 8 hours.-->

<parameter>

<name>url</name>

<value>jdbc:microsoft:sqlserver://localhost:1433;databaseName=XKBCourse</value>

<!--must use & not use & -->

</parameter>

</ResourceParams>

</Context>



作者 Tomcat 5.5.x 配置集锦(x表示4,5,.6,7) 选择自 CSDN [Re:chengbd]
chengbd



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发贴: 687
于 2005-03-10 18:59 user profilesend a private message to usersend email to chengbdreply to postsearch all posts byselect and copy to clipboard. 
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tomcat5.5.x 配置记录。

1.下载:
http://www.eu.apache.org/dist/jakarta/tomcat-5/
http://www.apache.org/dist/jakarta/tomcat-5/v5.5.x/bin/jakarta-tomcat-5.5.x-admin.zip
http://www.apache.org/dist/jakarta/tomcat-5/v5.5.x/bin/jakarta-tomcat-5.5.x-compat.zip
http://www.apache.org/dist/jakarta/tomcat-5/v5.5.x/bin/jakarta-tomcat-5.5.x.zip
http://www.apache.org/dist/jakarta/tomcat-5/v5.5.x/bin/jakarta-tomcat-5.5.x-deployer.zip
把jakarta-tomcat-5.5.x.zip
和jakarta-tomcat-5.5.x-compat.zip
和jakarta-tomcat-5.5.x-admin.zip
(Tomcat 默认是没有内置admin模块了
Tomcat's administration web application is no longer installed by default. Download and install the "admin" package to use it. )
都解压到同一个目录下面。比如:D:\jakarta-tomcat-5.5.x\
(如果使用jdk1.4,才需要compat.zip用jdk1.5就可以免了这个。)

2.修改jakarta-tomcat-5.5.x\conf\tomcat-users.xml.
添加管理员账号lizongbo,密码为lizongbopass.
新xml如下:
<?xml version='1.0' encoding='utf-8'?>
<tomcat-users>
<role rolename="tomcat"/>
<role rolename="role1"/>
<role rolename="manager"/>
<role rolename="admin"/>
<user username="tomcat" password="tomcat" roles="tomcat"/>
<user username="role1" password="tomcat" roles="role1"/>
<user username="both" password="tomcat" roles="tomcat,role1"/>
<user username="lizongbo" password="lizongbopass" roles="admin,manager"/>
</tomcat-users>

3.修改jakarta-tomcat-5.5.x\conf\server.xml来解决编码问题。
(给Connector 添加URIEncoding参数,参考http://blog.csdn.net/darkxie/archive/2004/10/25/TOMCATAPP.aspx)
(可以设置成GB18030)
<Connector port="8080"
maxThreads="150" minSpareThreads="25" maxSpareThreads="75"
enableLookups="false" redirectPort="8443" acceptCount="200"
connectionTimeout="20000" disableUploadTimeout="true" URIEncoding="GBK"
compression="on" compressionMinSize="2048"
noCompressionUserAgents="gozilla, traviata"
compressableMimeType="text/html,text/xml"/>

<Connector port="8009"
enableLookups="false" redirectPort="8443" protocol="AJP/1.3" URIEncoding="GBK"/>


4.启用支持gzip压缩.
(http://www.linuxaid.com.cn/forum/showdoc.jsp?l=1&i=81169)
添加下列属性
compression="on"
compressionMinSize="2048"
noCompressionUserAgents="gozilla, traviata"
compressableMimeType="text/html,text/xml"

5.设置虚拟主机。
在jakarta-tomcat-5.5.x\下建立文件夹vhost\www.mydomain.com。
然后修改jakarta-tomcat-5.5.x\conf\server.xml

<Engine defaultHost="localhost" name="Catalina">
<Host appBase="vhost/www.mydomain.com" name="www.mydomain.com">
</Host>
<Host appBase="webapps" name="localhost">
</Host>
<Realm className="org.apache.catalina.realm.UserDatabaseRealm"/>
</Engine>

6.添加数据库驱动,更新mail.jar和actiovation.jar
复制mysql-connector-java-3.0.16-ga-bin.jar,pg74.215.jdbc3.jar到 jakarta-tomcat-5.5.x\common\lib\
还有javamail 1.3.2的mail.jar,jaf-1_0_2的 activation.jar
msSQl 2000 JDBC sp3,msbase.jar,msutil,jar,mssqlserver.jar


7.配置SSL
参考 http://jakarta.apache.org/tomcat/tomcat-5.5-doc/ssl-howto.html
D:\j2sdk1.4.2_06\bin>%JAVA_HOME%\bin\keytool -genkey -alias tomcat -keyalg RSA
输入keystore密码: lizongbossl
您的名字与姓氏是什么?
[tomcat5.5.x]: tomcat5.5.x
您的组织单位名称是什么?
[jakarta]: jakarta
您的组织名称是什么?
[apache]: apache
您所在的城市或区域名称是什么?
[hzcity]: hzcity
您所在的州或省份名称是什么?
[gdp]: gdp
该单位的两字母国家代码是什么
[CN]: CN
CN=tomcat5.5.x, OU=jakarta, O=apache, L=hzcity, ST=gdp, C=CN 正确吗?
[否]: y

输入<tomcat>的主密码
(如果和 keystore 密码相同,按回车):

(必须密码一致,因此直接回车)
然后再把userhome(例如:C:\Documents and Settings\lizongbo\)下的.keystore复制到
tomcat的conf\目录下。
(例如:D:\jakarta-tomcat-5.5.x\conf\.keystore )
配置jakarta-tomcat-5.5.x\conf\server.xml
加上
<Connector port="8443"
maxThreads="150" minSpareThreads="25" maxSpareThreads="75"
enableLookups="false" disableUploadTimeout="true"
acceptCount="100" scheme="https" secure="true"
clientAuth="false" sslProtocol="TLS"
keystoreFile="conf/.keystore"
keystorePass="lizongbossl"> <!--与先前设置的密码一致-->
</Connector>
8.禁止文件目录列表,
修改jakarta-tomcat-5.5.x\conf\web.xml,把listing设置为false

<servlet>
<servlet-name>default</servlet-name>
<servlet-class>org.apache.catalina.servlets.DefaultServlet</servlet-class>
<init-param>
<param-name>debug</param-name>
<param-value>0</param-value>
</init-param>
<init-param>
<param-name>listings</param-name>
<param-value>true</param-value>
</init-param>
<load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
</servlet>

9.指定了自己的javaEncoding
(参考 http://gceclub.sun.com.cn/staticcontent/html/sunone/app7/app7-dg-webapp/ch6/ch6-4.html )

<servlet>
<servlet-name>jsp</servlet-name>
<servlet-class>org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet</servlet-class>
<init-param>
<param-name>fork</param-name>
<param-value>false</param-value>
</init-param>
<init-param>
<param-name>javaEncoding</param-name>
<param-value>GB18030</param-value>
</init-param>
<init-param>
<param-name>xpoweredBy</param-name>
<param-value>true</param-value>
</init-param>
<load-on-startup>3</load-on-startup>
</servlet>
10.添加rar,iso等的mime-type映射
避免在浏览器里直接打开。
<mime-mapping>
<extension>mht</extension>
<mime-type>text/x-mht</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>rar</extension>
<mime-type>application/octet-stream</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>iso</extension>
<mime-type>application/octet-stream</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>ape</extension>
<mime-type>application/octet-stream</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>rmvb</extension>
<mime-type>application/octet-stream</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>ico</extension>
<mime-type>image/x-icon</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
10.1对html静态页面设置编码
<!-- 修改下面两行以支持静态超文本的自动编码
-->
<mime-mapping>
<extension>htm</extension>
<mime-type>text/html;charset=gb2312</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>html</extension>
<mime-type>text/html;charset=gb2312</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
</web-app>

11.添加welcome-file-list,并调整顺序。
<welcome-file-list>
<welcome-file>index.jsp</welcome-file>
<welcome-file>index.html</welcome-file>
<welcome-file>index.htm</welcome-file>
<welcome-file>default.html</welcome-file>
<welcome-file>default.htm</welcome-file>
<welcome-file>default.jsp</welcome-file>
</welcome-file-list>


chengbd edited on 2005-03-11 00:31

作者 Tomcat中文编码问题解决方案(简) [Re:chengbd]
chengbd



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发贴: 687
于 2005-03-10 19:03 user profilesend a private message to usersend email to chengbdreply to postsearch all posts byselect and copy to clipboard. 
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Tomcat中文编码问题解决方案(简)

liyonghai 04/08/30

编码问题的根源可参考http://www-900.ibm.com/developerWorks/cn/java/java_chinese/index.shtml

Tomcat 4.x解决方法:
获取中文:request.setCharacterEncoding("gb2312");
输出中文:<%@ page contentType="text/html;charset=gb2312" %>,必要时需要转码

Tomcat 5.x解决方法:
获取中文:
提交表单时
1)post:request.setCharacterEncoding("gb2312");
2)get:修改server.xml,在Connector中加入URIEncoding="gb2312"
如: <Connector port="80" maxThreads="150" minSpareThreads="25" maxSpareThreads="75"
enableLookups="false" redirectPort="8443" acceptCount="100"
debug="0" connectionTimeout="20000"
disableUploadTimeout="true" URIEncoding="gb2312" />
或者使用useBodyEncodingForURI,使tomcat 5.x兼容tomcat 4.x
输出中文:<%@ page contentType="text/html;charset=gb2312" %>,必要时需要转码

附:Tomcat 5.x与Tomcat 4.x在解析提交表单时发生了变化,Tomcat 4.x无论是post还是get,都使用
相同的编码,而Tomcat 5.x 却把get方法单独了出来.具体可查看tomcat的source code.

get方式的处理比较好,对于post方式建议用配置过滤器的方式来解决,因为这样,配置一个地方整个系统都不用操心了。

简单说明:
web.xml
<filter>
<filter-name>Set Character Encoding</filter-name>
<filter-class>SetCharacterEncodingFilter</filter-class>
</filter>
<filter-mapping>
<filter-name>Set Character Encoding</filter-name>
<url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
</filter-mapping>
/************************/

SetCharacterEncodingFilter.java
--------------------------------------------
import java.io.IOException;
import javax.servlet.Filter;
import javax.servlet.FilterChain;
import javax.servlet.FilterConfig;
import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.ServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.ServletResponse;
import javax.servlet.UnavailableException;

/**
* Example filter that sets the character encoding to be used in parsing the
* incoming request
*/
public class SetCharacterEncodingFilter implements Filter {

/**
* Take this filter out of service.
*/
public void destroy() {
}
/**
* Select and set (if specified) the character encoding to be used to
* interpret request parameters for this request.
*/
public void doFilter(ServletRequest request, ServletResponse response,
FilterChain chain)throws IOException, ServletException {

request.setCharacterEncoding("GBK");

// 传递控制到下一个过滤器
chain.doFilter(request, response);
}

public void init(FilterConfig filterConfig) throws ServletException {
}
}
////也可以把编码做为参数传递进去。


chengbd edited on 2005-03-10 19:13

作者 Re:Tomcat 5.5.x 配置集锦(x表示4,5,.6,7) 选择自 CSDN的szmarx 的 Blog [Re:chengbd]
bluepure

pureblue



发贴: 509
于 2005-03-10 19:16 user profilesend a private message to userreply to postsearch all posts byselect and copy to clipboard. 
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Tomcat 5.5.x 配置集锦 是我整理的,但是却被别人不注明出处的转载,更是 被csdn放到别人的原创里去了,真是郁闷。
详情可以看:

http://blog.csdn.net/lizongbo/archive/2005/02/13/286713.aspx

附加几个我后来整理的知识点。

--------------------------------------------

12.如果你的webapp需要只能够进行https方式访问,那么在webapp的web.xml里加上:
<security-constraint>
<web-resource-collection>
<web-resource-name>must https</web-resource-name>
<url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
</web-resource-collection>
<user-data-constraint>
<transport-guarantee>CONFIDENTIAL</transport-guarantee>
</user-data-constraint>
</security-constraint>
参考:http://jakarta.apache.org/tomcat/faq/security.html#https
http://marc.theaimsgroup.com/?l=tomcat-user&m=104951559722619&w=2

13.修改远程关闭服务器的命令。
server.xml默认有下面一行:
<Server port="8005" shutdown="SHUTDOWN">
这样允许任何人只要telnet到服务器的8005端口,输入"SHUTDOWN",然后回车,服务器立即就被关掉了。
从安全的角度上考虑,我们需要把这个shutdown指令改成一个别人不容易猜测的字符串。
例如修改如下:
<Server port="8006" shutdown="lizongbo">,这样就只有在telnet到8005,并且输入"lizongbo"才能够关闭Tomcat.
注意:这个修改不影响shutdown.bat的执行。运行shutdown.bat一样可以关闭服务器。
参考:http://jakarta.apache.org/tomcat/faq/security.html#8005


以下皆可以参考:http://www.cnjsp.org/document/user/tuman/valve.html


14.配置http访问日志。Tomcat自带的能够记录的http访问日志已经很详细了
取消下面这段的注释:

<Valve className="org.apache.catalina.valves.AccessLogValve"
directory="logs" prefix="localhost_access_log." suffix=".txt"
pattern="common" resolveHosts="false"/>

然后修改为:
<Valve className="org.apache.catalina.valves.FastCommonAccessLogValve"
directory="logs" prefix="localhost_access_log." suffix=".txt"
pattern="combined" resolveHosts="false" fileDateFormat="yyyy-MM-dd.HH"/>

pattern="combined" 记录的日志内容更详细,fileDateFormat="yyyy-MM-dd.HH",会让日志文件按小时进行滚卷,
比默认的按天滚卷要好些,尤其是访问量大的网站,可以考虑写成fileDateFormat="yyyy-MM-dd.HH.mm",就会是每分钟一个日志文件了。
而且可以分别按Engine, Host, or Context,来记录自己的日志
详情参考:
http://jakarta.apache.org/tomcat/tomcat-5.5-doc/config/valve.html
http://jakarta.apache.org/tomcat/tomcat-5.0-doc/config/logger.html
http://jakarta.apache.org/tomcat/tomcat-5.0-doc/config/host.html#Access%20Logs
而且还可以配合awstats来进行日志统计分析: http://www.chedong.com/tech/awstats.html http://blog.csdn.net/lizongbo/archive/2005/02/18/291929.aspx


15.限制ip,限制主机访问等。
如果想禁止指定的ip或者主机名来拒绝某些机器访问,或者指定某些机器来访问。
也支持分别按Engine, Host, or Context,进行以下配置:
<Context path="/examples" ...> ...
<Valve className="org.apache.catalina.valves.RemoteHostValve"
allow="*.mycompany.com,www.yourcompany.com"/>
<Valve className="org.apache.catalina.valves.RemoteAddrValve"
deny="192.168.1.*"/>
</Context>
参考:
http://jakarta.apache.org/tomcat/tomcat-5.0-doc/config/context.html

16.发布webapp到网站根目录
1。直接复制到ROOT目录下。
2.因为无法创建无名字的xml文件,并且在xml文件里指定path也是无效的(tomcat靠文件名字来判断的),
因此必须在server.xml里写下面一段:
<Context docBase="${catalina.home}/vhost/www.lizongbo.com" path="/"
privileged="true" antiResourceLocking="false" antiJARLocking="false">
<Manager className="org.apache.catalina.session.StandardManager" algorithm="SHA-512" sessionIdLength="40">
<Valve className="org.apache.catalina.valves.FastCommonAccessLogValve"
directory="logs" prefix="localhost_mytest_access_log." suffix=".txt"
pattern="combined" resolveHosts="true" fileDateFormat="yyyy-MM-dd.HH"/>

</Context>
而且必须把ROOT目录删除掉,否则Tomcat还是优先部署ROOT目录为"/"。

17.在重新启动Tomcat的webapp的时候,禁止把session写入文件。
修改conf/web.xml
取消注释:
<!---->
<Manager pathname="" />

18.增强SessiionID的生成算法和长度。

<Manager className="org.apache.catalina.session.StandardManager" algorithm="SHA-512" sessionIdLength="40">
</Manager>

(Tomcat默认算法是MD5,默认长度是16位。)


bluepure edited on 2005-03-10 19:29

作者 Re:Tomcat 配置集锦 [Re:chengbd]
chengbd



版主


发贴: 687
于 2005-03-11 00:28 user profilesend a private message to usersend email to chengbdreply to postsearch all posts byselect and copy to clipboard. 
ie only, sorry for netscape users:-)add this post to my favorite list
多谢楼上的老兄的支持,大家之间能多交流更重要,互相体谅吧.
就是第二个帖子转的时候画蛇添足,还是侵权了呀。


chengbd edited on 2005-03-11 00:30

作者 Re:Tomcat 配置集锦 [Re:chengbd]
ccic134302





发贴: 185
于 2005-03-19 12:06 user profilesend a private message to userreply to postsearch all posts byselect and copy to clipboard. 
ie only, sorry for netscape users:-)add this post to my favorite list
多谢



作者 Re:Tomcat 配置集锦 [Re:chengbd]
zouhuiming





发贴: 3
于 2005-03-19 12:40 user profilesend a private message to userreply to postsearch all posts byselect and copy to clipboard. 
ie only, sorry for netscape users:-)add this post to my favorite list
好棒哦 !!!


作者 Re:Tomcat 配置集锦 [Re:chengbd]
echofang





发贴: 6
于 2005-04-16 20:54 user profilesend a private message to userreply to postsearch all posts byselect and copy to clipboard. 
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有没有人继续跟帖??


作者 tomcat+jsp经典配置 [Re:chengbd]
chengbd



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发贴: 687
于 2005-05-01 01:03 user profilesend a private message to usersend email to chengbdreply to postsearch all posts byselect and copy to clipboard. 
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tomcat+jsp经典配置

Tomcat下JSP、Servlet和JavaBean环境的配置

经常看到jsp的初学者问tomcat下如何配置jsp、servlet和bean的问题,于是总结了一下如何tomcat下配置jsp、servlet和ben,希望对那些初学者有所帮助。
一、开发环境配置
第一步:下载j2sdk和tomcat:到sun官方站点(http://java.sun.com/j2se/1.4.2/download.html)下载j2sdk,注意下载版本为Windows Offline Installation的SDK,同时最好下载J2SE 1.4.2 Documentation,然后到tomcat官方站点(http://www.apache.org/dist/jakarta/tomcat-4/)下载tomcat(下载最新4.1.x版本的tomcat);
第二步:安装和配置你的j2sdk和tomcat:执行j2sdk和tomcat的安装程序,然后按默认设置进行安装即可。
1.安装j2sdk以后,需要配置一下环境变量,在我的电脑->属性->高级->环境变量->系统变量中添加以下环境变量(假定你的j2sdk安装在c:\j2sdk1.4.2):
JAVA_HOME=c:\j2sdk1.4.2
classpath=.;%JAVA_HOME%\lib\dt.jar;%JAVA_HOME%\lib\tools.jar;(.;一定不能少,因为它代表当前路径)
path=%JAVA_HOME%\bin
接着可以写一个简单的java程序来测试J2SDK是否已安装成功:
public class Test{
public static void main(String args[]){
System.out.println("This is a test program.");
}
}
将上面的这段程序保存为文件名为Test.java的文件。
然后打开命令提示符窗口,cd到你的Test.java所在目录,然后键入下面的命令
javac Test.java
java Test
此时如果看到打印出来This is a test program.的话说明安装成功了,如果没有打印出这句话,你需要仔细检查一下你的配置情况。
2.安装Tomcat后,在我的电脑->属性->高级->环境变量->系统变量中添加以下环境变量(假定你的tomcat安装在c:\tomcat):
CATALINA_HOME=c:\tomcat
CATALINA_BASE=c:\tomcat
然后修改环境变量中的classpath,把tomat安装目录下的common\lib下的(可以根据实际追加)servlet.jar追加到classpath中去,修改后的classpath如下:
classpath=.;%JAVA_HOME%\lib\dt.jar;%JAVA_HOME%\lib\tools.jar;%CATALINA_HOME%\common\lib\servlet.jar;
接着可以启动tomcat,在IE中访问http://localhost:8080,如果看到tomcat的欢迎页面的话说明安装成功了。
第三步:建立自己的jsp app目录
1.到Tomcat的安装目录的webapps目录,可以看到ROOT,examples, tomcat-docs之类Tomcat自带的的目录;
2.在webapps目录下新建一个目录,起名叫myapp;
3.myapp下新建一个目录WEB-INF,注意,目录名称是区分大小写的;
4.WEB-INF下新建一个文件web.xml,内容如下:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
<!DOCTYPE web-app
PUBLIC "-//Sun Microsystems, Inc.//DTD Web Application 2.3//EN"
"http://java.sun.com/dtd/web-app_2_3.dtd">
<web-app>
<display-name>My Web Application</display-name>
<description>
A application for test.
</description>
</web-app>
5.在myapp下新建一个测试的jsp页面,文件名为index.jsp,文件内容如下:
<html><body><center>
Now time is: <%=new java.util.Date()%>
</center></body></html>
6.重启Tomcat
7.打开浏览器,输入http://localhost:8080/myapp/index.jsp 看到当前时间的话说明就成功了。
第四步:建立自己的Servlet:
1.用你最熟悉的编辑器(建议使用有语法检查的java ide)新建一个servlet程序,文件名为Test.java,文件内容如下:
package test;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.PrintWriter;
import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
public class Test extends HttpServlet {
protected void doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
throws ServletException, IOException {
PrintWriter out=response.getWriter();
out.println("<html><body><h1>This is a servlet test.</h1></body></html>");
out.flush();
}
}
2 .编译
将Test.java放在c:\test下,使用如下命令编译:
C:\Test>javac Test.java
然后在c:\Test下会产生一个编译后的servlet文件:Test.class
3 .将结构test\Test.class剪切到%CATALINA_HOME%\webapps\myapp\WEB-INF\classes下,也就是剪切那个test目录到classes目录下,如果classes目录不存在,就新建一个。 现在webapps\myapp\WEB-INF\classes下有test\Test.class的文件目录结构
4 .修改webapps\myapp\WEB-INF\web.xml,添加servlet和servlet-mapping
编辑后的web.xml如下所示,红色为添加的内容:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
<!DOCTYPE web-app
PUBLIC "-//Sun Microsystems, Inc.//DTD Web Application 2.3//EN"
"http://java.sun.com/dtd/web-app_2_3.dtd">
<web-app>
<display-name>My Web Application</display-name>
<description>
A application for test.
</description>
<servlet>
<servlet-name>Test</servlet-name>
<display-name>Test</display-name>
<description>A test Servlet</description>
<servlet-class>test.Test</servlet-class>
</servlet>
<servlet-mapping>
<servlet-name>Test</servlet-name>
<url-pattern>/Test</url-pattern>
</servlet-mapping>
</web-app>
这段话中的servlet这一段声明了你要调用的Servlet,而servlet-mapping则是将声明的servlet"映射"到地址/Test上
5 .好了,重启动Tomcat,启动浏览器,输入http://localhost:8080/myapp/Test 如果看到输出This is a servlet test.就说明编写的servlet成功了。
注意:修改了web.xml以及新加了class,都要重启Tomcat
第四步:建立自己的Bean:
1.用你最熟悉的编辑器(建议使用有语法检查的java ide)新建一个java程序,文件名为TestBean.java,文件内容如下:
package test;
public class TestBean{
private String name = null;
public TestBean(String strName_p){
this.name=strName_p;
}
public void setName(String strName_p){
this.name=strName_p;
}
public String getName(){
return this.name;
}
}
2 .编译
将TestBean.java放在c:\test下,使用如下命令编译:
C:\Test>javac TestBean.java
然后在c:\Test下会产生一个编译后的bean文件:TestBean.class
3 .将TestBean.class文件剪切到 %CATALINA_HOME%\webapps\myapp\WEB-INF\classes\test下,
4 .新建一个TestBean.jsp文件,文件内容为:
<%@ page import="test.TestBean" %>
<html><body><center>
<%
TestBean testBean=new TestBean("This is a test java bean.");
%>
Java bean name is: <%=testBean.getName()%>
</center></body></html>
5 .好了,重启Tomcat,启动浏览器,输入http://localhost:8080/myapp/TestBean.jsp 如果看到输出Java bean name is: This is a test java bean.就说明编写的Bean成功了。
这样就完成了整个Tomcat下的jsp、servlet和javabean的配置。接下来需要做的事情就是多看书、多读别人的好代码,自己多动手写代码以增强自己在这方面开发的能力了。

jvm应填写到
c:\j2sdk\bin

给你一个简单的配置::::

JSP环境配置心得
首先要说的是,使用jdk+tomcat完全可以配置我们的jsp服务器,不再需要其实任何东东,有很多文章介绍了Apache,其实根本用不着,一般的学习调试tomcat完全可以胜任了。
安装jdk后,tomcat在安装之前会自动找到jdk的安装路径,一路点击"下一步",经过一段时间的文件复制,最后"close",完成comcat的安装。
您最好去下载一个版本较高的tomcat,比如4.1以上的,因为它不需要设置太多的系统变量,右击"我的电脑",选择"属性"->"高级"->"环境变量"->"系统变量",新建一个TOMCAT_HOME,值设置成你的tomcat所在的路径,比如:D:\Program Files\Apache Group\Tomcat 4.1,配置完成。
从开始菜单中找到tomcat选项,一般打开顺序是:开始->程序->Apache Tomcat 4.1,选择"Start Tomcat",让jsp服务器开始运行,此时会打开一个类似Dos的窗口,会显示一些相关的信息。
如果您使用代理上网,一定要先撤掉代理,不然您的jsp程序永远也得不到执行。如果不是代理的,这一步就跳过了。
打开浏览器,在地址栏中输入:http://localhost:8080,如果看到有老虎(我也不知道是老虎还是猫)的画面,恭喜您,您成功了一半。
先来享受一下成功的喜悦吧,请输入下面的代码:
<html>
<head>
<title>First Page</title>
</head>
<body>
<H3>Today is: h
<%= new java.util.Date() %>
</H3>
</body>
</html>
将该程序保存为:First.jsp,放到Tomcat的ROOT目录下,然后在浏览器的地址栏中输入:http://localhost:8080/First.jsp,(First.jsp跟我们保存的文件名的大小写要一致)回车,如果不出意外,应该可以看到形如Today is: h Fri Apr 11 08:32:38 CST 2003 的结果。
注意:ROOT是tomcat的默认虚拟目录,如果要改成自己的虚拟目录怎么办呢?请继续往下看吧。
要改成自己的虚拟目录,就要请出server.xml来了,该文件是一个配置文件,在Tomcat\conf目录下,使用任何文本编辑软件都能打开它,我们先找到下面一句:
<Connector className="org.apache.coyote.tomcat4.CoyoteConnector"
port="8080" minProcessors="5" maxProcessors="75"
enableLookups="true" redirectPort="8443"
acceptCount="100" debug="0" connectionTimeout="20000"
useURIValidationHack="false" disableUploadTimeout="true" />
这里的port="8080"就是端口,我们完全可以用别的端口来代替,但不能是被系统占用的端口(0--1023),这里简单提一下。
下面我们再往下找,会发现以下的语句:
</Context>
</Host>
我们就应该找到这两个语句,如果不懂E文,您就认定这两个语句好了。然后我们将该语句更改如下:
</Context>
<Context path="/myjsp" debug="0" docBase="e:/myjsp" reloadable="true">
</Context>
</Host>
这里的path="/myjsp"就是我们就配置的虚拟目录了,以后在地址栏中输入http://localhost:8080/myjsp即可。而docBase="e:/myjsp" 则是机器本地路径,他们通过这个语句形成一个映射关系,其它照抄。
将上面的First.jsp文件放到e:/myjsp目录下,输入http://localhost:8080/myjsp/First.jsp,是不是有一种喜上眉梢的感觉?
在论坛里我见得最多的就是很多人不知道javaBean文件放到哪里,老实说开始我也不知道,更令人不解的是,十个人有九种不同的说法,这更让我们茫然。其实这问题也不是我们想像的那么复杂,我们以一个例子说明:
先建立一个java程序,代码如下:
package hall;
public class SimpleBean {
private String message = "No message specified";
public String getMessage() {
return(message);
}
public void setMessage(String message) {
this.message = message;
}
}
保存为SimpleBean.java,编译后会生成一个包,其实就相当于一个目录,也就是SimpleBean.class会存放在hall目录中,暂且保存起来,将来备用。
再输入以下代码:
<HTML>
<HEAD>
<TITLE>Reusing JavaBeans in JSP</TITLE>
</HEAD>
<BODY>
<CENTER>
<TABLE BORDER=5>
<TR><TH CLASS="TITLE">
Reusing JavaBeans in JSP</TABLE>
</CENTER>
<P>
<jsp:useBean id="test" class="hall.SimpleBean" />
<jsp:setProperty name="test" property="message" value="Hello WWW" />
<H1>Message: <I>
<jsp:getProperty name="test" property="message" />
</I></H1>
</BODY>
保存在我们刚才建立的虚拟目录e:/myjsp下面,并命名为:BeanTest.jsp。
现在我们应该将hall(包)目录放在哪儿呢?别急,我们先在e:/myjsp下建立一个文件夹WEB-INF,然后再在WEB-INF下建立一个classes文件夹,最后将hall目录放到classes下,当然,hall下的字节码文件SimpleBean.class也一并要移过来,而SimpleBean.java就和BeanTest.jsp放到同一目录吧(可以不需要放的,自己试试)。
好了,大功告成了,重新启动机器(如果您试了好多次都不行,这一步一定要做),在浏览器中输入:http://localhost:8080/myjsp/BeanTest.jsp,您看到了什么?呵,别告诉我您什么都没看到,那肯定是您设置的问题了。
好了,文章写完了,我也只是一只菜鸟,所以有写的不准备的地方请多多指教。祝您jsp之旅一路顺风!!!
Java学习 - 技术文章中心
初学者问的诸如:《怎样配置环境变量》《怎样运行Servlet》啊?这样的问题太多了,现在我写一个初学者入门必读,以便对初学者有指导作用!
首先是下载工具:
我建议初学者用Editplus+JDK,我觉得如果用例如JB,Eclipse,JCreator,虽然刚开始的时候比较方便,但是确使初学者门不知道怎样配置环境变量,
从而难以达到知其然,知其所以然的地步
可以通过如下地址下载:
Editplus(最新版本是v2.11):http://count.skycn.com/softdown.php?id=3641&url=http://sc-http.skycn.net/down/epp211a_cn.exe(要照注册码就自己找吧,网上很多的)
JDK(最新版本是Java2sdk1_4_2):http://count.skycn.com/softdown.php?id=3116&url=http://sc-http.skycn.net/down/j2sdk-1_4_2-windows-i586.exe(这是For Windows)
然后就是安装JDK,我是把它装到从c:\JDK目录下面:
然后就是CLASSPATH的问题了:
正如操作系统利用PATH来搜索可执行程序一样,Java运行环境也会遍历CLASSPATH来查找类,即便是HelloWorld这样简单的程序,JVM也会遍历
CLASSPATH定义的每一个路径,直到找到相应的文件为止。
相信大家用的系统不是2k就是XP,然后就应当如下设置Path:
我的电脑->属性->高级->环境变量
然后在环境变量的Path后面追加: C:\JDK\bin;.;C:\JDK\lib
也可以这样配置:C:\JDK\bin;.;C:\JDK\lib\dt.jar;C:\JDK\lib\tools.jar
★记住:环境变量中的 . 切记不能少,它表示当前路径,如果少掉出现的错误等会就说!
dt.jar是关于运行环境的类库,tools.jar是关于一些工具的类库
如果没有配置:C:\JDK\bin,则会出现 " javac´ 不是内部或外部命令,也不是可运行的程序或批处理文件。"这样的错误。
然后下面就该写程序了:
首先是(HelloWorld.java),打开Editplus,新建一个Java文件,请照着如下输入,要一字不漏,并且分清大小写:
public class HelloWorld{
public static void main(String[] args){
System.out.println("Hello,World!");
}
}
然后把这个文件保存(ctrl + s)到HelloWorld.java,记住大小写一定要分清,是HelloWorld.java不是helloworld.java或者其它的
下面就该运行了,开始->运行->cmd
在控制台中把目录切换到当前目录:
javac HelloWorld.java
java HelloWorld
你就会在控制台上看见输出的Hello,World!(没出来?我把电脑吃了:))
javac是编译命令,它把HelloWorld.java编译成HelloWorld.class
java就是解释命令,JVM把HelloWorld.class解释执行.
在这个时候:
1。如果出现Exception in thread "main" java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: HelloWorld
那就是你在环境变量中没有加上那个.(dot)
2。如果出现Exception in thread "main" java.lang.NoSuchMethodError: main
或者HelloWorld.java:1: Public class helloworld must be defined in a file called
"HelloWorld.java".
那就是你没有分清大小写的写入这个HelloWorld,或者保存得时候没有保存为HelloWorld.java
这个名字一定要跟public class的名字一样
对于环境变量的问题就说到这里,下面我先所说怎么在Editplus里面编译和运行,在Tools->参数设置->配置用户工具
1.添加工具(添加应用程序)
菜单文字:Compile Java Program
程序:C:\JDK\bin\javac.exe
参数:文件名称
初始目录:文件目录
2.添加工具(添加应用程序)
菜单文字:Run Java Program
程序:C:\JDK\bin\java.exe
参数:文件名称(不含扩展名)
初始目录:文件目录
工具组名称可以随便添,比如Debug Java Program
然后在Tools的下拉菜单中,你就会看见Compile Java Program以及Run Java Program这两个选项,以后你就可以利用ctrl + 1编译和ctrl +2运行程序了

下面就讨论Servlet的运行:
首先要运行Servlet,则需要JSP/Servlet container,我建议初学者用Tomcat
Tomcat(最新版本5.0):http://cvs.apache.org/builds/jakarta-tomcat-5/nightly/jakarta-tomcat-5-bin-20030725.zip
然后把这个压缩包解压到:
C:\Tomcat
然后再配置环境变量:
添加三个系统变量:
JAVA_HOME: C:\JDK
TOMCAT_HOME: C:\Tomcat
CLASSPATH: %JAVA_HOME%\lib;%TOMCAT_HOME%\lib
Tomcat的环境变量就配置完毕了,下面检验Tomcat是否能够运行:
在控制台中转到C:\Tomcat\bin这个目录,运行startup,然后回出现一个窗口,连跳一大串东西,最后表示Server已经运行
在浏览器中输入http://localhost:8080,出现欢迎界面,则表示Tomcat没问题了
然后和上面一样,写入你的第一个Servlet
import java.io.*;
import javax.servlet.*;
import javax.servlet.http.*;
public class HelloWorld extends HttpServlet
{
public void doGet(HttpServletRequest request,HttpServletResponse response)throws ServletException,IOException
{
response.setContentType("text/html");
PrintWriter out = response.getWriter();
out.println("<html><head><title>");
out.println("This is my first Servlet");
out.println("</title></head><body>");
out.println("<h1>Hello,World!</h1>");
out.println("</body></html>");

}
}
然后照样用javac HelloWorld.java来编译这个文件,如果出现无法import javax.servlet.*
那么就是应该把C:\Tomcat\common\lib里面的servlet.jar(根据实际来看)文件拷贝到C:\JDK\jre\lib\ext中,再次编译,就没有问题了!
然后在Tomcat目录里面的C:\Tomcat\webapps\ROOT里面按如下的文件结构:
ROOT\index.html
ROOT\welcom.jsp
ROOT\WEB-INF\lib\MyServlet.jar(如果你的servlet的.class打成了.jar文件,则放在lib下面)
ROOT\WEB-INF\classes\HelloWorld.class(把上面生成的HelloWorld.class文件放在这个里面)
然后在浏览器中输入http://localhost:8080/servlet/HelloWorld,于是Server众望所归的报错了:Error 404--Not Found
怎么回事呢?
Servlet必须使用C:\Tomcat\webapps\ROOT\WEB-INF这个目录下面的web.xml文件进行注册,用EP打开这个web.xml文件,
在里面加入
<servlet>
<servlet-name>HelloWorld</servlet-name>
<servlet-class>HelloWorld</servlet-class>
</servlet>
<servlet-mapping>
<servlet-name>HelloWorld</servlet-name>
<url-pattern>/servlet/helloworld</url-pattern>
</servlet-mapping>
这样的结构
<servlet>
<servlet-name>HelloWorld</servlet-name>
<servlet-class>HelloWorld</servlet-class>
</servlet>
表示指定包含的servlet类.
而以下的结构
<servlet-mapping>
<servlet-name>HelloWorld</servlet-name>
<url-pattern>/servlet/HelloWorld</url-pattern>
</servlet-mapping>
表示指定HelloServlet应当映射到哪一种URL模式。
在修改web.xml完毕过后,重新启动Server,然后再输入http://localhost:8080/servlet/HelloWorld,那么偌大一个Hello,World!等着你呢,恭喜你
摆平了:)



作者 Re:Tomcat 配置集锦 [Re:chengbd]
等你





发贴: 5
于 2005-05-02 18:29 user profilesend a private message to userreply to postsearch all posts byselect and copy to clipboard. 
ie only, sorry for netscape users:-)add this post to my favorite list
谢谢楼主整理这么好的帖子出来。。

我想学JSP。。。
我按上面讲的配置试了好久好久也没有弄出来,在地址栏里输入“http://localhost:8080”显示是错误。。

我的系统是 windows server 2003..
JDK的安装路径是:c:\j2sdk1.4.2
tomcat的安装路径是:c:tomcat

希望有人能详细指点俺。。

会不会是我的环境变量配置的问题??还是tomcat的版本?



作者 Re:Tomcat 配置集锦 [Re:chengbd]
henbane





发贴: 42
于 2005-06-02 18:56 user profilesend a private message to userreply to postsearch all posts byselect and copy to clipboard. 
ie only, sorry for netscape users:-)add this post to my favorite list
如果你是TOMCAT5.5以上版本,多刷新一下。我这里也是这样,另外要注意看TOMCAT他可能显示箭头,但其实他还是“STOP”状态。


作者 Re:Tomcat 配置集锦 [Re:chengbd]
flyingis





发贴: 12
于 2005-07-13 18:24 user profilesend a private message to userreply to postsearch all posts byselect and copy to clipboard. 
ie only, sorry for netscape users:-)add this post to my favorite list
很好的文章!赞一个!


作者 Re:Tomcat 配置集锦 [Re:chengbd]
seamaid





发贴: 1
于 2005-07-30 13:48 user profilesend a private message to userreply to postsearch all posts byselect and copy to clipboard. 
ie only, sorry for netscape users:-)add this post to my favorite list
不错,是个好东东,我以前看过,今天又再次浏览。


作者 Re:Tomcat 配置集锦 [Re:chengbd]
hyhking





发贴: 11
于 2005-08-18 14:00 user profilesend a private message to userreply to postsearch all posts byselect and copy to clipboard. 
ie only, sorry for netscape users:-)add this post to my favorite list
烦不烦啊


作者 Re:Tomcat 配置集锦 [Re:chengbd]
chengbd



版主


发贴: 687
于 2005-08-19 02:10 user profilesend a private message to usersend email to chengbdreply to postsearch all posts byselect and copy to clipboard. 
ie only, sorry for netscape users:-)add this post to my favorite list
所谓的简单的事情做的精细了,确实很烦,烦了也就与众不同了。


知难而进
作者 Re:Tomcat 配置集锦 [Re:chengbd]
343582958





发贴: 1
于 2005-08-20 08:49 user profilesend a private message to userreply to postsearch all posts byselect and copy to clipboard. 
ie only, sorry for netscape users:-)add this post to my favorite list
真是太好了啊


作者 Re:Tomcat 配置集锦 [Re:chengbd]
gaohuawei





发贴: 5
于 2005-08-24 19:24 user profilesend a private message to userreply to postsearch all posts byselect and copy to clipboard. 
ie only, sorry for netscape users:-)add this post to my favorite list
刚开始学,很多看不懂,不过还是尽量看


作者 Re:Tomcat 配置集锦 [Re:chengbd]
scriptlets





发贴: 2
于 2005-09-15 11:42 user profilesend a private message to userreply to postsearch all posts byselect and copy to clipboard. 
ie only, sorry for netscape users:-)add this post to my favorite list
我用的是tomcat 5.0.
看了楼上朋友写的配置虑拟目录的方法,可是我还不会.在web.xml和server.xml里找不到和楼上朋友说的那些内容.我不知道如何改它们
web.xml如下:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
<web-app xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee"
xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee/web-app_2_4.xsd"
version="2.4">

<!-- ======================== Introduction ============================== -->
<!-- This document defines default values for *all* web applications -->
<!-- loaded into this instance of Tomcat. As each application is -->
<!-- deployed, this file is processed, followed by the -->
<!-- "/WEB-INF/web.xml" deployment descriptor from your own -->
<!-- applications. -->
<!-- -->
<!-- WARNING: Do not configure application-specific resources here! -->
<!-- They should go in the "/WEB-INF/web.xml" file in your application. -->

<!-- ================== Built In Servlet Definitions ==================== -->

<!-- The default servlet for all web applications, that serves static -->
<!-- resources. It processes all requests that are not mapped to other -->
<!-- servlets with servlet mappings (defined either here or in your own -->
<!-- web.xml file. This servlet supports the following initialization -->
<!-- parameters (default values are in square brackets): -->
<!-- -->
<!-- debug Debugging detail level for messages logged -->
<!-- by this servlet. [0] -->
<!-- -->
<!-- input Input buffer size (in bytes) when reading -->
<!-- resources to be served. [2048] -->
<!-- -->
<!-- listings Should directory listings be produced if there -->
<!-- is no welcome file in this directory? [true] -->
<!-- -->
<!-- output Output buffer size (in bytes) when writing -->
<!-- resources to be served. [2048] -->
<!-- -->
<!-- readonly Is this context "read only", so HTTP -->
<!-- commands like PUT and DELETE are -->
<!-- rejected? [true] -->
<!-- -->
<!-- readmeFile File name to display with the directory -->
<!-- contents. [null] -->
<!-- -->
<!-- For directory listing customization. Checks localXsltFile, then -->
<!-- globalXsltFile, then defaults to original behavior. -->
<!-- -->
<!-- localXsltFile Make directory listings an XML doc and -->
<!-- pass the result to this style sheet residing -->
<!-- in that directory. This overrides -->
<!-- globalXsltFile[null] -->
<!-- -->
<!-- globalXsltFile Site wide configuration version of -->
<!-- localXsltFile This argument is expected -->
<!-- to be a physical file. [null] -->
<!-- -->
<!-- -->

<servlet>
<servlet-name>default</servlet-name>
<servlet-class>
org.apache.catalina.servlets.DefaultServlet
</servlet-class>
<init-param>
<param-name>debug</param-name>
<param-value>0</param-value>
</init-param>
<init-param>
<param-name>listings</param-name>
<param-value>true</param-value>
</init-param>
<load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
</servlet>

<!-- The "invoker" servlet, which executes anonymous servlet classes -->
<!-- that have not been defined in a web.xml file. Traditionally, this -->
<!-- servlet is mapped to the URL pattern "/servlet/*", but you can map -->
<!-- it to other patterns as well. The extra path info portion of such a -->
<!-- request must be the fully qualified class name of a Java class that -->
<!-- implements Servlet (or extends HttpServlet), or the servlet name -->
<!-- of an existing servlet definition. This servlet supports the -->
<!-- following initialization parameters (default values are in square -->
<!-- brackets): -->
<!-- -->
<!-- debug Debugging detail level for messages logged -->
<!-- by this servlet. [0] -->

<!--
<servlet>
<servlet-name>invoker</servlet-name>
<servlet-class>
org.apache.catalina.servlets.InvokerServlet
</servlet-class>
<init-param>
<param-name>debug</param-name>
<param-value>0</param-value>
</init-param>
<load-on-startup>2</load-on-startup>
</servlet>
-->

<!-- The JSP page compiler and execution servlet, which is the mechanism -->
<!-- used by Tomcat to support JSP pages. Traditionally, this servlet -->
<!-- is mapped to the URL pattern "*.jsp". This servlet supports the -->
<!-- following initialization parameters (default values are in square -->
<!-- brackets): -->
<!-- -->
<!-- checkInterval If development is false and reloading is true, -->
<!-- background compiles are enabled. checkInterval -->
<!-- is the time in seconds between checks to see -->
<!-- if a JSP page needs to be recompiled. [300] -->
<!-- -->
<!-- compiler Which compiler Ant should use to compile JSP -->
<!-- pages. See the Ant documentation for more -->
<!-- information. [javac] -->
<!-- -->
<!-- classdebuginfo Should the class file be compiled with -->
<!-- debugging information? [true] -->
<!-- -->
<!-- classpath What class path should I use while compiling -->
<!-- generated servlets? [Created dynamically -->
<!-- based on the current web application] -->
<!-- -->
<!-- development Is Jasper used in development mode (will check -->
<!-- for JSP modification on every access)? [true] -->
<!-- -->
<!-- enablePooling Determines whether tag handler pooling is -->
<!-- enabled [true] -->
<!-- -->
<!-- fork Tell Ant to fork compiles of JSP pages so that -->
<!-- a separate JVM is used for JSP page compiles -->
<!-- from the one Tomcat is running in. [true] -->
<!-- -->
<!-- ieClassId The class-id value to be sent to Internet -->
<!-- Explorer when using <jsp:plugin> tags. -->
<!-- [clsid:8AD9C840-044E-11D1-B3E9-00805F499D93] -->
<!-- -->
<!-- javaEncoding Java file encoding to use for generating java -->
<!-- source files. [UTF8] -->
<!-- -->
<!-- keepgenerated Should we keep the generated Java source code -->
<!-- for each page instead of deleting it? [true] -->
<!-- -->
<!-- mappedfile Should we generate static content with one -->
<!-- print statement per input line, to ease -->
<!-- debugging? [true] -->
<!-- -->
<!-- trimSpaces Should white spaces in template text between -->
<!-- actions or directives be trimmed? [false] -->
<!-- -->
<!-- reloading Should Jasper check for modified JSPs? [true] -->
<!-- -->
<!-- suppressSmap Should the generation of SMAP info for JSR45 -->
<!-- debugging be suppressed? [false] -->
<!-- -->
<!-- dumpSmap Should the SMAP info for JSR45 debugging be -->
<!-- dumped to a file? [false] -->
<!-- False if suppressSmap is true -->
<!-- -->
<!-- genStrAsCharArray Should text strings be generated as char -->
<!-- arrays, to improve performance in some cases? -->
<!-- [false] -->
<!-- -->
<!-- errorOnUseBeanInvalidClassAttribute -->
<!-- Should Jasper issue an error when the value of -->
<!-- the class attribute in an useBean action is -->
<!-- not a valid bean class? [true] -->
<!-- -->
<!-- scratchdir What scratch directory should we use when -->
<!-- compiling JSP pages? [default work directory -->
<!-- for the current web application] -->
<!-- -->
<!-- xpoweredBy Determines whether X-Powered-By response -->
<!-- header is added by generated servlet [false] -->
<!-- -->
<!-- If you wish to use Jikes to compile JSP pages: -->
<!-- Set the init parameter "compiler" to "jikes". Define -->
<!-- the property "-Dbuild.compiler.emacs=true" when starting Tomcat -->
<!-- by adding the above to your CATALINA_OPTS environment variable. -->
<!-- If you get an error reporting that jikes can't use UTF8 encoding, -->
<!-- try setting the init parameter "javaEncoding" to "ISO-8859-1". -->

<servlet>
<servlet-name>jsp</servlet-name>
<servlet-class>org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet</servlet-class>
<init-param>
<param-name>fork</param-name>
<param-value>false</param-value>
</init-param>
<init-param>
<param-name>xpoweredBy</param-name>
<param-value>false</param-value>
</init-param>
<load-on-startup>3</load-on-startup>
</servlet>

<!-- Server Side Includes processing servlet, which processes SSI -->
<!-- directives in HTML pages consistent with similar support in web -->
<!-- servers like Apache. Traditionally, this servlet is mapped to the -->
<!-- URL pattern "*.shtml". This servlet supports the following -->
<!-- initialization parameters (default values are in square brackets): -->
<!-- -->
<!-- buffered Should output from this servlet be buffered? -->
<!-- (0=false, 1=true) [0] -->
<!-- -->
<!-- debug Debugging detail level for messages logged -->
<!-- by this servlet. [0] -->
<!-- -->
<!-- expires The number of seconds before a page with SSI -->
<!-- directives will expire. [No default] -->
<!-- -->
<!-- isVirtualWebappRelative -->
<!-- Should "virtual" paths be interpreted as -->
<!-- relative to the context root, instead of -->
<!-- the server root? (0=false, 1=true) [0] -->
<!-- -->
<!-- -->
<!-- IMPORTANT: To use the SSI servlet, you also need to rename the -->
<!-- $CATALINA_HOME/server/lib/servlets-ssi.renametojar file -->
<!-- to $CATALINA_HOME/server/lib/servlets-ssi.jar -->

<!--
<servlet>
<servlet-name>ssi</servlet-name>
<servlet-class>
org.apache.catalina.ssi.SSIServlet
</servlet-class>
<init-param>
<param-name>buffered</param-name>
<param-value>1</param-value>
</init-param>
<init-param>
<param-name>debug</param-name>
<param-value>0</param-value>
</init-param>
<init-param>
<param-name>expires</param-name>
<param-value>666</param-value>
</init-param>
<init-param>
<param-name>isVirtualWebappRelative</param-name>
<param-value>0</param-value>
</init-param>
<load-on-startup>4</load-on-startup>
</servlet>
-->

<!-- Common Gateway Includes (CGI) processing servlet, which supports -->
<!-- execution of external applications that conform to the CGI spec -->
<!-- requirements. Typically, this servlet is mapped to the URL pattern -->
<!-- "/cgi-bin/*", which means that any CGI applications that are -->
<!-- executed must be present within the web application. This servlet -->
<!-- supports the following initialization parameters (default values -->
<!-- are in square brackets): -->
<!-- -->
<!-- cgiPathPrefix The CGI search path will start at -->
<!-- webAppRootDir + File.separator + this prefix. -->
<!-- [WEB-INF/cgi] -->
<!-- -->
<!-- debug Debugging detail level for messages logged -->
<!-- by this servlet. [0] -->
<!-- -->
<!-- executable Name of the exectuable used to run the script. -->
<!-- [perl] -->
<!-- -->
<!-- IMPORTANT: To use the CGI servlet, you also need to rename the -->
<!-- $CATALINA_HOME/server/lib/servlets-cgi.renametojar file -->
<!-- to $CATALINA_HOME/server/lib/servlets-cgi.jar -->

<!--
<servlet>
<servlet-name>cgi</servlet-name>
<servlet-class>org.apache.catalina.servlets.CGIServlet</servlet-class>
<init-param>
<param-name>debug</param-name>
<param-value>6</param-value>
</init-param>
<init-param>
<param-name>cgiPathPrefix</param-name>
<param-value>WEB-INF/cgi</param-value>
</init-param>
<load-on-startup>5</load-on-startup>
</servlet>
-->

<!-- ================ Built In Servlet Mappings ========================= -->

<!-- The servlet mappings for the built in servlets defined above. Note -->
<!-- that, by default, the CGI and SSI servlets are *not* mapped. You -->
<!-- must uncomment these mappings (or add them to your application's own -->
<!-- web.xml deployment descriptor) to enable these services -->

<!-- The mapping for the default servlet -->
<servlet-mapping>
<servlet-name>default</servlet-name>
<url-pattern>/</url-pattern>
</servlet-mapping>

<!-- The mapping for the invoker servlet -->
<!--
<servlet-mapping>
<servlet-name>invoker</servlet-name>
<url-pattern>/servlet/*</url-pattern>
</servlet-mapping>
-->

<!-- The mapping for the JSP servlet -->
<servlet-mapping>
<servlet-name>jsp</servlet-name>
<url-pattern>*.jsp</url-pattern>
</servlet-mapping>

<servlet-mapping>
<servlet-name>jsp</servlet-name>
<url-pattern>*.jspx</url-pattern>
</servlet-mapping>

<!-- The mapping for the SSI servlet -->
<!--
<servlet-mapping>
<servlet-name>ssi</servlet-name>
<url-pattern>*.shtml</url-pattern>
</servlet-mapping>
-->

<!-- The mapping for the CGI Gateway servlet -->

<!--
<servlet-mapping>
<servlet-name>cgi</servlet-name>
<url-pattern>/cgi-bin/*</url-pattern>
</servlet-mapping>
-->

<!-- ==================== Default Session Configuration ================= -->
<!-- You can set the default session timeout (in minutes) for all newly -->
<!-- created sessions by modifying the value below. -->

<session-config>
<session-timeout>30</session-timeout>
</session-config>

<!-- ===================== Default MIME Type Mappings =================== -->
<!-- When serving static resources, Tomcat will automatically generate -->
<!-- a "Content-Type" header based on the resource's filename extension, -->
<!-- based on these mappings. Additional mappings can be added here (to -->
<!-- apply to all web applications), or in your own application's web.xml -->
<!-- deployment descriptor. -->

<mime-mapping>
<extension>abs</extension>
<mime-type>audio/x-mpeg</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>ai</extension>
<mime-type>application/postscript</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>aif</extension>
<mime-type>audio/x-aiff</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>aifc</extension>
<mime-type>audio/x-aiff</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>aiff</extension>
<mime-type>audio/x-aiff</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>aim</extension>
<mime-type>application/x-aim</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>art</extension>
<mime-type>image/x-jg</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>asf</extension>
<mime-type>video/x-ms-asf</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>asx</extension>
<mime-type>video/x-ms-asf</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>au</extension>
<mime-type>audio/basic</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>avi</extension>
<mime-type>video/x-msvideo</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>avx</extension>
<mime-type>video/x-rad-screenplay</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>bcpio</extension>
<mime-type>application/x-bcpio</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>bin</extension>
<mime-type>application/octet-stream</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>bmp</extension>
<mime-type>image/bmp</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>body</extension>
<mime-type>text/html</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>cdf</extension>
<mime-type>application/x-cdf</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>cer</extension>
<mime-type>application/x-x509-ca-cert</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>class</extension>
<mime-type>application/java</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>cpio</extension>
<mime-type>application/x-cpio</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>csh</extension>
<mime-type>application/x-csh</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>css</extension>
<mime-type>text/css</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>dib</extension>
<mime-type>image/bmp</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>doc</extension>
<mime-type>application/msword</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>dtd</extension>
<mime-type>application/xml-dtd</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>dv</extension>
<mime-type>video/x-dv</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>dvi</extension>
<mime-type>application/x-dvi</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>eps</extension>
<mime-type>application/postscript</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>etx</extension>
<mime-type>text/x-setext</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>exe</extension>
<mime-type>application/octet-stream</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>gif</extension>
<mime-type>image/gif</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>gtar</extension>
<mime-type>application/x-gtar</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>gz</extension>
<mime-type>application/x-gzip</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>hdf</extension>
<mime-type>application/x-hdf</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>hqx</extension>
<mime-type>application/mac-binhex40</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>htc</extension>
<mime-type>text/x-component</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>htm</extension>
<mime-type>text/html</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>html</extension>
<mime-type>text/html</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>hqx</extension>
<mime-type>application/mac-binhex40</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>ief</extension>
<mime-type>image/ief</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>jad</extension>
<mime-type>text/vnd.sun.j2me.app-descriptor</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>jar</extension>
<mime-type>application/java-archive</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>java</extension>
<mime-type>text/plain</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>jnlp</extension>
<mime-type>application/x-java-jnlp-file</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>jpe</extension>
<mime-type>image/jpeg</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>jpeg</extension>
<mime-type>image/jpeg</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>jpg</extension>
<mime-type>image/jpeg</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>js</extension>
<mime-type>text/javascript</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>jsf</extension>
<mime-type>text/plain</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>jspf</extension>
<mime-type>text/plain</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>kar</extension>
<mime-type>audio/x-midi</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>latex</extension>
<mime-type>application/x-latex</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>m3u</extension>
<mime-type>audio/x-mpegurl</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>mac</extension>
<mime-type>image/x-macpaint</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>man</extension>
<mime-type>application/x-troff-man</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>mathml</extension>
<mime-type>application/mathml+xml</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>me</extension>
<mime-type>application/x-troff-me</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>mid</extension>
<mime-type>audio/x-midi</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>midi</extension>
<mime-type>audio/x-midi</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>mif</extension>
<mime-type>application/x-mif</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>mov</extension>
<mime-type>video/quicktime</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>movie</extension>
<mime-type>video/x-sgi-movie</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>mp1</extension>
<mime-type>audio/x-mpeg</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>mp2</extension>
<mime-type>audio/x-mpeg</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>mp3</extension>
<mime-type>audio/x-mpeg</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>mpa</extension>
<mime-type>audio/x-mpeg</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>mpe</extension>
<mime-type>video/mpeg</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>mpeg</extension>
<mime-type>video/mpeg</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>mpega</extension>
<mime-type>audio/x-mpeg</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>mpg</extension>
<mime-type>video/mpeg</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>mpv2</extension>
<mime-type>video/mpeg2</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>ms</extension>
<mime-type>application/x-wais-source</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>nc</extension>
<mime-type>application/x-netcdf</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>oda</extension>
<mime-type>application/oda</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>ogg</extension>
<mime-type>application/ogg</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>pbm</extension>
<mime-type>image/x-portable-bitmap</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>pct</extension>
<mime-type>image/pict</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>pdf</extension>
<mime-type>application/pdf</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>pgm</extension>
<mime-type>image/x-portable-graymap</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>pic</extension>
<mime-type>image/pict</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>pict</extension>
<mime-type>image/pict</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>pls</extension>
<mime-type>audio/x-scpls</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>png</extension>
<mime-type>image/png</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>pnm</extension>
<mime-type>image/x-portable-anymap</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>pnt</extension>
<mime-type>image/x-macpaint</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>ppm</extension>
<mime-type>image/x-portable-pixmap</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>ppt</extension>
<mime-type>application/powerpoint</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>ps</extension>
<mime-type>application/postscript</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>psd</extension>
<mime-type>image/x-photoshop</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>qt</extension>
<mime-type>video/quicktime</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>qti</extension>
<mime-type>image/x-quicktime</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>qtif</extension>
<mime-type>image/x-quicktime</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>ras</extension>
<mime-type>image/x-cmu-raster</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>rdf</extension>
<mime-type>application/rdf+xml</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>rgb</extension>
<mime-type>image/x-rgb</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>rm</extension>
<mime-type>application/vnd.rn-realmedia</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>roff</extension>
<mime-type>application/x-troff</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>rtf</extension>
<mime-type>application/rtf</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>rtx</extension>
<mime-type>text/richtext</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>sh</extension>
<mime-type>application/x-sh</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>shar</extension>
<mime-type>application/x-shar</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>smf</extension>
<mime-type>audio/x-midi</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>sit</extension>
<mime-type>application/x-stuffit</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>snd</extension>
<mime-type>audio/basic</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>src</extension>
<mime-type>application/x-wais-source</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>sv4cpio</extension>
<mime-type>application/x-sv4cpio</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>sv4crc</extension>
<mime-type>application/x-sv4crc</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>svg</extension>
<mime-type>image/svg+xml</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>swf</extension>
<mime-type>application/x-shockwave-flash</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>t</extension>
<mime-type>application/x-troff</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>tar</extension>
<mime-type>application/x-tar</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>tcl</extension>
<mime-type>application/x-tcl</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>tex</extension>
<mime-type>application/x-tex</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>texi</extension>
<mime-type>application/x-texinfo</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>texinfo</extension>
<mime-type>application/x-texinfo</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>tif</extension>
<mime-type>image/tiff</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>tiff</extension>
<mime-type>image/tiff</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>tr</extension>
<mime-type>application/x-troff</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>tsv</extension>
<mime-type>text/tab-separated-values</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>txt</extension>
<mime-type>text/plain</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>ulw</extension>
<mime-type>audio/basic</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>ustar</extension>
<mime-type>application/x-ustar</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>vxml</extension>
<mime-type>application/voicexml+xml</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>xbm</extension>
<mime-type>image/x-xbitmap</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>xht</extension>
<mime-type>application/xhtml+xml</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>xhtml</extension>
<mime-type>application/xhtml+xml</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>xml</extension>
<mime-type>application/xml</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>xpm</extension>
<mime-type>image/x-xpixmap</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>xsl</extension>
<mime-type>application/xml</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>xslt</extension>
<mime-type>application/xslt+xml</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>xul</extension>
<mime-type>application/vnd.mozilla.xul+xml</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>xwd</extension>
<mime-type>image/x-xwindowdump</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>wav</extension>
<mime-type>audio/x-wav</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>svg</extension>
<mime-type>image/svg+xml</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>svgz</extension>
<mime-type>image/svg+xml</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>vsd</extension>
<mime-type>application/x-visio</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<!-- Wireless Bitmap -->
<extension>wbmp</extension>
<mime-type>image/vnd.wap.wbmp</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<!-- WML Source -->
<extension>wml</extension>
<mime-type>text/vnd.wap.wml</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<!-- Compiled WML -->
<extension>wmlc</extension>
<mime-type>application/vnd.wap.wmlc</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<!-- WML Script Source -->
<extension>wmls</extension>
<mime-type>text/vnd.wap.wmlscript</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<!-- Compiled WML Script -->
<extension>wmlscriptc</extension>
<mime-type>application/vnd.wap.wmlscriptc</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>wrl</extension>
<mime-type>x-world/x-vrml</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>Z</extension>
<mime-type>application/x-compress</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>z</extension>
<mime-type>application/x-compress</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>zip</extension>
<mime-type>application/zip</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>

<!-- ==================== Default Welcome File List ===================== -->
<!-- When a request URI refers to a directory, the default servlet looks -->
<!-- for a "welcome file" within that directory and, if present, -->
<!-- to the corresponding resource URI for display. If no welcome file -->
<!-- is present, the default servlet either serves a directory listing, -->
<!-- or returns a 404 status, depending on how it is configured. -->
<!-- -->
<!-- If you define welcome files in your own application's web.xml -->
<!-- deployment descriptor, that list *replaces* the list configured -->
<!-- here, so be sure that you include any of the default values that -->
<!-- you wish to include. -->

<welcome-file-list>
<welcome-file>index.html</welcome-file>
<welcome-file>index.htm</welcome-file>
<welcome-file>index.jsp</welcome-file>
</welcome-file-list>

</web-app>

//==============================================

server.xml 如下

<!-- Example Server Configuration File -->
<!-- Note that component elements are nested corresponding to their
parent-child relationships with each other -->

<!-- A "Server" is a singleton element that represents the entire JVM,
which may contain one or more "Service" instances. The Server
listens for a shutdown command on the indicated port.

Note: A "Server" is not itself a "Container", so you may not
define subcomponents such as "Valves" or "Loggers" at this level.
-->

<Server port="8005" shutdown="SHUTDOWN" debug="0">

<!-- Comment these entries out to disable JMX MBeans support -->
<!-- You may also configure custom components (e.g. Valves/Realms) by
including your own mbean-descriptor fileMoon, and setting the
"descriptors" attribute to point to a ';' seperated list of paths
(in the ClassLoader sense) of files to add to the default list.
e.g. descriptors="/com/myfirm/mypackage/mbean-descriptor.xml"
-->
<Listener className="org.apache.catalina.mbeans.ServerLifecycleListener"
debug="0"/>
<Listener className="org.apache.catalina.mbeans.GlobalResourcesLifecycleListener"
debug="0"/>

<!-- Global JNDI resources -->
<GlobalNamingResources>

<!-- Test entry for demonstration purposes -->
<Environment name="simpleValue" type="java.lang.Integer" value="30"/>

<!-- Editable user database that can also be used by
UserDatabaseRealm to authenticate users -->
<Resource name="UserDatabase" auth="Container"
type="org.apache.catalina.UserDatabase"
description="User database that can be updated and saved">
</Resource>
<ResourceParams name="UserDatabase">
<parameter>
<name>factory</name>
<value>org.apache.catalina.users.MemoryUserDatabaseFactory</value>
</parameter>
<parameter>
<name>pathname</name>
<value>conf/tomcat-users.xml</value>
</parameter>
</ResourceParams>

</GlobalNamingResources>

<!-- A "Service" is a collection of one or more "Connectors" that share
a single "Container" (and therefore the web applications visible
within that Container). Normally, that Container is an "Engine",
but this is not required.

Note: A "Service" is not itself a "Container", so you may not
define subcomponents such as "Valves" or "Loggers" at this level.
-->

<!-- Define the Tomcat Stand-Alone Service -->
<Service name="Catalina">

<!-- A "Connector" represents an endpoint by which requests are received
and responses are returned. Each Connector passes requests on to the
associated "Container" (normally an Engine) for processing.

By default, a non-SSL HTTP/1.1 Connector is established on port 8080.
You can also enable an SSL HTTP/1.1 Connector on port 8443 by
following the instructions below and uncommenting the second Connector
entry. SSL support requires the following steps (see the SSL Config
HOWTO in the Tomcat 5 documentation bundle for more detailed
instructions):
* If your JDK version 1.3 or prior, download and install JSSE 1.0.2 or
later, and put the JAR files into "$JAVA_HOME/jre/lib/ext".
* Execute:
%JAVA_HOME%\bin\keytool -genkey -alias tomcat -keyalg RSA (Windows)
$JAVA_HOME/bin/keytool -genkey -alias tomcat -keyalg RSA (Unix)
with a password value of "changeit" for both the certificate and
the keystore itself.

By default, DNS lookups are enabled when a web application calls
request.getRemoteHost(). This can have an adverse impact on
performance, so you can disable it by setting the
"enableLookups" attribute to "false". When DNS lookups are disabled,
request.getRemoteHost() will return the String version of the
IP address of the remote client.
-->

<!-- Define a non-SSL Coyote HTTP/1.1 Connector on port 8080 -->
<Connector port="8080"
maxThreads="150" minSpareThreads="25" maxSpareThreads="75"
enableLookups="false" redirectPort="8443" acceptCount="100"
debug="0" connectionTimeout="20000"
disableUploadTimeout="true" />
<!-- Note : To disable connection timeouts, set connectionTimeout value
to 0 -->
  
  <!-- Note : To use gzip compression you could set the following properties :
  
       compression="on"
       compressionMinSize="2048"
       noCompressionUserAgents="gozilla, traviata"
       compressableMimeType="text/html,text/xml"
  -->

<!-- Define a SSL Coyote HTTP/1.1 Connector on port 8443 -->
<!--
<Connector port="8443"
maxThreads="150" minSpareThreads="25" maxSpareThreads="75"
enableLookups="false" disableUploadTimeout="true"
acceptCount="100" debug="0" scheme="https" secure="true"
clientAuth="false" sslProtocol="TLS" />
-->

<!-- Define a Coyote/JK2 AJP 1.3 Connector on port 8009 -->
<Connector port="8009"
enableLookups="false" redirectPort="8443" debug="0"
protocol="AJP/1.3" />

<!-- Define a Proxied HTTP/1.1 Connector on port 8082 -->
<!-- See proxy documentation for more information about using this. -->
<!--
<Connector port="8082"
maxThreads="150" minSpareThreads="25" maxSpareThreads="75"
enableLookups="false"
acceptCount="100" debug="0" connectionTimeout="20000"
proxyPort="80" disableUploadTimeout="true" />
-->

<!-- An Engine represents the entry point (within Catalina) that processes
every request. The Engine implementation for Tomcat stand alone
analyzes the HTTP headers included with the request, and passes them
on to the appropriate Host (virtual host). -->

<!-- You should set jvmRoute to support load-balancing via JK/JK2 ie :
<Engine name="Standalone" defaultHost="localhost" debug="0" jvmRoute="jvm1">
-->

<!-- Define the top level container in our container hierarchy -->
<Engine name="Catalina" defaultHost="localhost" debug="0">

<!-- The request dumper valve dumps useful debugging information about
the request headers and cookies that were received, and the response
headers and cookies that were sent, for all requests received by
this instance of Tomcat. If you care only about requests to a
particular virtual host, or a particular application, nest this
element inside the corresponding <Host> or <Context> entry instead.

For a similar mechanism that is portable to all Servlet 2.4
containers, check out the "RequestDumperFilter" Filter in the
example application (the source for this filter may be found in
"$CATALINA_HOME/webapps/examples/WEB-INF/classes/filters").

Request dumping is disabled by default. Uncomment the following
element to enable it. -->
<!--
<Valve className="org.apache.catalina.valves.RequestDumperValve"/>
-->

<!-- Global logger unless overridden at lower levels -->
<Logger className="org.apache.catalina.logger.FileLogger"
prefix="catalina_log." suffix=".txt"
timestamp="true"/>

<!-- Because this Realm is here, an instance will be shared globally -->

<!-- This Realm uses the UserDatabase configured in the global JNDI
resources under the key "UserDatabase". Any edits
that are performed against this UserDatabase are immediately
available for use by the Realm. -->
<Realm className="org.apache.catalina.realm.UserDatabaseRealm"
debug="0" resourceName="UserDatabase"/>

<!-- Comment out the old realm but leave here for now in case we
need to go back quickly -->
<!--
<Realm className="org.apache.catalina.realm.MemoryRealm" />
-->

<!-- Replace the above Realm with one of the following to get a Realm
stored in a database and accessed via JDBC -->

<!--
<Realm className="org.apache.catalina.realm.JDBCRealm" debug="99"
driverName="org.gjt.mm.mysql.Driver"
connectionURL="jdbc:mysql://localhost/authority"
connectionName="test" connectionPassword="test"
userTable="users" userNameCol="user_name" userCredCol="user_pass"
userRoleTable="user_roles" roleNameCol="role_name" />
-->

<!--
<Realm className="org.apache.catalina.realm.JDBCRealm" debug="99"
driverName="oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver"
connectionURL="jdbc:oracle:thinAngryntserver:1521:ORCL"
connectionName="scott" connectionPassword="tiger"
userTable="users" userNameCol="user_name" userCredCol="user_pass"
userRoleTable="user_roles" roleNameCol="role_name" />
-->

<!--
<Realm className="org.apache.catalina.realm.JDBCRealm" debug="99"
driverName="sun.jdbc.odbc.JdbcOdbcDriver"
connectionURL="jdbc:odbc:CATALINA"
userTable="users" userNameCol="user_name" userCredCol="user_pass"
userRoleTable="user_roles" roleNameCol="role_name" />
-->

<!-- Define the default virtual host
Note: XML Schema validation will not work with Xerces 2.2.
-->
<Host name="localhost" debug="0" appBase="webapps"
unpackWARs="true" autoDeploy="true"
xmlValidation="false" xmlNamespaceAware="false">

<!-- Defines a cluster for this node,
By defining this element, means that every manager will be changed.
So when running a cluster, only make sure that you have webapps in there
that need to be clustered and remove the other ones.
A cluster has the following parameters:

className = the fully qualified name of the cluster class

name = a descriptive name for your cluster, can be anything

debug = the debug level, higher means more output

mcastAddr = the multicast address, has to be the same for all the nodes

mcastPort = the multicast port, has to be the same for all the nodes

mcastBindAddr = bind the multicast socket to a specific address

mcastTTL = the multicast TTL if you want to limit your broadcast

mcastSoTimeout = the multicast readtimeout

mcastFrequency = the number of milliseconds in between sending a "I'm alive" heartbeat

mcastDropTime = the number a milliseconds before a node is considered "dead" if no heartbeat is received

tcpThreadCount = the number of threads to handle incoming replication requests, optimal would be the same amount of threads as nodes

tcpListenAddress = the listen address (bind address) for TCP cluster request on this host,
in case of multiple ethernet cards.
auto means that address becomes
InetAddress.getLocalHost().getHostAddress()

tcpListenPort = the tcp listen port

tcpSelectorTimeout = the timeout (ms) for the Selector.select() method in case the OS
has a wakup bug in java.nio. Set to 0 for no timeout

printToScreen = true means that managers will also print to std.out

expireSessionsOnShutdown = true means that

useDirtyFlag = true means that we only replicate a session after setAttribute,removeAttribute has been called.
false means to replicate the session after each request.
false means that replication would work for the following piece of code:
<%
HashMap map = (HashMap)session.getAttribute("map");
map.put("key","value");
%>
replicationMode = can be either 'pooled', 'synchronous' or 'asynchronous'.
* Pooled means that the replication happens using several sockets in a synchronous way. Ie, the data gets replicated, then the request return. This is the same as the 'synchronous' setting except it uses a pool of sockets, hence it is multithreaded. This is the fastest and safest configuration. To use this, also increase the nr of tcp threads that you have dealing with replication.
* Synchronous means that the thread that executes the request, is also the
thread the replicates the data to the other nodes, and will not return until all
nodes have received the information.
* Asynchronous means that there is a specific 'sender' thread for each cluster node,
so the request thread will queue the replication request into a "smart" queue,
and then return to the client.
The "smart" queue is a queue where when a session is added to the queue, and the same session
already exists in the queue from a previous request, that session will be replaced
in the queue instead of replicating two requests. This almost never happens, unless there is a
large network delay.
-->
<!--
When configuring for clustering, you also add in a valve to catch all the requests
coming in, at the end of the request, the session may or may not be replicated.
A session is replicated if and only if all the conditions are met:
1. useDirtyFlag is true or setAttribute or removeAttribute has been called AND
2. a session exists (has been created)
3. the request is not trapped by the "filter" attribute

The filter attribute is to filter out requests that could not modify the session,
hence we don't replicate the session after the end of this request.
The filter is negative, ie, anything you put in the filter, you mean to filter out,
ie, no replication will be done on requests that match one of the filters.
The filter attribute is delimited by ;, so you can't escape out ; even if you wanted to.

filter=".*\.gif;.*\.js;" means that we will not replicate the session after requests with the URI
ending with .gif and .js are intercepted.

The deployer element can be used to deploy apps cluster wide.
Currently the deployment only deploys/undeploys to working members in the cluster
so no WARs are copied upons startup of a broken node.
The deployer watches a directory (watchDir) for WAR files when watchEnabled="true"
When a new war file is added the war gets deployed to the local instance,
and then deployed to the other instances in the cluster.
When a war file is deleted from the watchDir the war is undeployed locally
and cluster wide
-->

<!--
<Cluster className="org.apache.catalina.cluster.tcp.SimpleTcpCluster"
managerClassName="org.apache.catalina.cluster.session.DeltaManager"
expireSessionsOnShutdown="false"
useDirtyFlag="true">

<Membership
className="org.apache.catalina.cluster.mcast.McastService"
mcastAddr="228.0.0.4"
mcastPort="45564"
mcastFrequency="500"
mcastDropTime="3000"/>

<Receiver
className="org.apache.catalina.cluster.tcp.ReplicationListener"
tcpListenAddress="auto"
tcpListenPort="4001"
tcpSelectorTimeout="100"
tcpThreadCount="6"/>

<Sender
className="org.apache.catalina.cluster.tcp.ReplicationTransmitter"
replicationMode="pooled"/>

<Valve className="org.apache.catalina.cluster.tcp.ReplicationValve"
filter=".*\.gif;.*\.js;.*\.jpg;.*\.htm;.*\.html;.*\.txt;"/>

<Deployer className="org.apache.catalina.cluster.deploy.FarmWarDeployer"
tempDir="/tmp/war-temp/"
deployDir="/tmp/war-deploy/"
watchDir="/tmp/war-listen/"
watchEnabled="false"/>
</Cluster>
-->

<!-- Normally, users must authenticate themselves to each web app
individually. Uncomment the following entry if you would like
a user to be authenticated the first time they encounter a
resource protected by a security constraint, and then have that
user identity maintained across *all* web applications contained
in this virtual host. -->
<!--
<Valve className="org.apache.catalina.authenticator.SingleSignOn"
debug="0"/>
-->

<!-- Access log processes all requests for this virtual host. By
default, log files are created in the "logs" directory relative to
$CATALINA_HOME. If you wish, you can specify a different
directory with the "directory" attribute. Specify either a relative
(to $CATALINA_HOME) or absolute path to the desired directory.
-->
<!--
<Valve className="org.apache.catalina.valves.AccessLogValve"
directory="logs" prefix="localhost_access_log." suffix=".txt"
pattern="common" resolveHosts="false"/>
-->

<!-- Logger shared by



作者 Re:Tomcat 配置集锦 [Re:chengbd]
deifrgw





发贴: 3
于 2005-10-27 10:23 user profilesend a private message to userreply to postsearch all posts byselect and copy to clipboard. 
ie only, sorry for netscape users:-)add this post to my favorite list
谢谢楼主



作者 Re:Tomcat 配置集锦 [Re:chengbd]
verwa





发贴: 33
于 2005-12-14 00:11 user profilesend a private message to userreply to postsearch all posts byselect and copy to clipboard. 
ie only, sorry for netscape users:-)add this post to my favorite list
已保留!


作者 Re:Tomcat 配置集锦 [Re:chengbd]
zjh1983314





发贴: 11
于 2005-12-14 13:08 user profilesend a private message to userreply to postsearch all posts byselect and copy to clipboard. 
ie only, sorry for netscape users:-)add this post to my favorite list
thanks !!


作者 Re:Tomcat 配置集锦 [Re:chengbd]
cwnuth





发贴: 1
于 2006-01-17 22:57 user profilesend a private message to userreply to postsearch all posts byselect and copy to clipboard. 
ie only, sorry for netscape users:-)add this post to my favorite list
我加了<Connector URIEncoding="GBK"/>怎么还是无法识别中文哪?


作者 Re:Tomcat 配置集锦 [Re:chengbd]
蓝薇





发贴: 4
于 2006-02-11 11:05 user profilesend a private message to userreply to postsearch all posts byselect and copy to clipboard. 
ie only, sorry for netscape users:-)add this post to my favorite list
谢谢提供,


作者 Re:Tomcat 配置集锦 [Re:chengbd]
xiaozhao532





发贴: 1
于 2006-03-14 08:16 user profilesend a private message to userreply to postsearch all posts byselect and copy to clipboard. 
ie only, sorry for netscape users:-)add this post to my favorite list
谢谢楼主



作者 Re:Tomcat 配置集锦 [Re:chengbd]
风雨断肠人





发贴: 1
于 2006-04-11 13:06 user profilesend a private message to userreply to postsearch all posts byselect and copy to clipboard. 
ie only, sorry for netscape users:-)add this post to my favorite list
看了大家的文章真是充满了动力和信心啊!Big Smile


作者 Re:tomcat+jsp经典配置 [Re:chengbd]
huchao60





发贴: 2
于 2006-04-26 16:41 user profilesend a private message to userreply to postsearch all posts byselect and copy to clipboard. 
ie only, sorry for netscape users:-)add this post to my favorite list
按上边所说运行老出问题,找不到文件


作者 tomcat+jsp经典配置 [Re:chengbd]
huchao60





发贴: 2
于 2006-04-26 16:44 user profilesend a private message to userreply to postsearch all posts byselect and copy to clipboard. 
ie only, sorry for netscape users:-)add this post to my favorite list
按照里边所说运行,老找不到文件.提示:
description The requested resource (/index.jsp) is not available.



作者 Re:Tomcat 配置集锦 [Re:chengbd]
180onwarding





发贴: 19
于 2006-04-27 10:41 user profilesend a private message to userreply to postsearch all posts byselect and copy to clipboard. 
ie only, sorry for netscape users:-)add this post to my favorite list
为什么我的JSP环境在运行含有.JAVA的网页时总出错,哪位jsp专家能帮一下?


作者 Re:Tomcat 配置集锦 [Re:chengbd]
180onwarding





发贴: 19
于 2006-04-27 14:42 user profilesend a private message to userreply to postsearch all posts byselect and copy to clipboard. 
ie only, sorry for netscape users:-)add this post to my favorite list
这个sess_use.jsp为什么运行出错?
<%@ page contentType="text/html; charset=gb2312" language="java" import="java.sql.*" errorPage="" %>

<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=gb2312" />
<title>无标题文档</title>
</head>

<body>
<center>
<font size="5" color="#0000FF">
存取session数据</font>
<br />
<hr />
<br />
<%
int num=0;
Object obj=session.getAttribute("Num");
if (obj==null)
{session.setAttribute("Num",String.valueOF(num));
}
else
{
num=Integer.parseInt(obj.toString());
num+=1;
session.getAttribute("Num",String.valueOf(num));
}
%>
</center>
<font size="4">
session中的Num的值为:<font color="#FF0000">
<%=num%></font>

</body>
</html>
错误信息是:
org.apache.jasper.JasperException: Unable to compile class for JSP

An error occurred at line: 14 in the jsp file: /sess_use.jsp

Generated servlet error:
[javac] Compiling 1 source file

C:\Program Files\Apache Group\Tomcat 4.1\work\Standalone\localhost\_\sess_use_jsp.java:59: cannot resolve symbol
symbol : method valueOF (int)
location: class java.lang.String
{session.setAttribute("Num",String.valueOF(num));
^

An error occurred at line: 14 in the jsp file: /sess_use.jsp

Generated servlet error:
C:\Program Files\Apache Group\Tomcat 4.1\work\Standalone\localhost\_\sess_use_jsp.java:65: getAttribute(java.lang.String) in javax.servlet.http.HttpSession cannot be applied to (java.lang.String,java.lang.String)
session.getAttribute("Num",String.valueOf(num));
^
2 errors

  at org.apache.jasper.compiler.DefaultErrorHandler.javacError(DefaultErrorHandler.java:85)
  at org.apache.jasper.compiler.ErrorDispatcher.javacError(ErrorDispatcher.java:248)
  at org.apache.jasper.compiler.Compiler.generateClass(Compiler.java:315)
  at org.apache.jasper.compiler.Compiler.compile(Compiler.java:328)
  at org.apache.jasper.JspCompilationContext.compile(JspCompilationContext.java:427)
  at org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServletWrapper.service(JspServletWrapper.java:142)
  at org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.serviceJspFile(JspServlet.java:240)
  at org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.service(JspServlet.java:187)
  at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:809)
  at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:200)
  at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:146)
  at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapperValve.invoke(StandardWrapperValve.java:209)
  at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardPipeline$StandardPipelineValveContext.invokeNext(StandardPipeline.java:596)
  at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardPipeline.invoke(StandardPipeline.java:433)
  at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.invoke(ContainerBase.java:948)
  at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContextValve.invoke(StandardContextValve.java:144)
  at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardPipeline$StandardPipelineValveContext.invokeNext(StandardPipeline.java:596)
  at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardPipeline.invoke(StandardPipeline.java:433)
  at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.invoke(ContainerBase.java:948)
  at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.invoke(StandardContext.java:2358)
  at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostValve.invoke(StandardHostValve.java:133)
  at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardPipeline$StandardPipelineValveContext.invokeNext(StandardPipeline.java:596)
  at org.apache.catalina.valves.ErrorDispatcherValve.invoke(ErrorDispatcherValve.java:118)
  at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardPipeline$StandardPipelineValveContext.invokeNext(StandardPipeline.java:594)
  at org.apache.catalina.valves.ErrorReportValve.invoke(ErrorReportValve.java:116)
  at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardPipeline$StandardPipelineValveContext.invokeNext(StandardPipeline.java:594)
  at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardPipeline.invoke(StandardPipeline.java:433)
  at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.invoke(ContainerBase.java:948)
  at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngineValve.invoke(StandardEngineValve.java:127)
  at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardPipeline$StandardPipelineValveContext.invokeNext(StandardPipeline.java:596)
  at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardPipeline.invoke(StandardPipeline.java:433)
  at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.invoke(ContainerBase.java:948)
  at org.apache.coyote.tomcat4.CoyoteAdapter.service(CoyoteAdapter.java:152)
  at org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11Processor.process(Http11Processor.java:799)
  at org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11Protocol$Http11ConnectionHandler.processConnection(Http11Protocol.java:705)
  at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.TcpWorkerThread.runIt(PoolTcpEndpoint.java:577)
  at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.ThreadPool$ControlRunnable.run(ThreadPool.java:683)
  at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:534)



作者 Re:Tomcat 配置集锦 [Re:chengbd]
langhua983





发贴: 17
于 2006-05-15 00:58 user profilesend a private message to userreply to postsearch all posts byselect and copy to clipboard. 
ie only, sorry for netscape users:-)add this post to my favorite list
下载个版本高的TOMCAT 确实会省去不少的麻烦..

这是我的总结...



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